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The Best Foods for Runners

Your body is like a tank, with legs, and this tank needs fuel to make long strides across the neighborhood or the running track. With the proper fuel, you can make the ‘journey’ efficiently, else it means wearing down, adding to problems at work or even missing it. To improve your speed, efficiency, and overall performance, you also need to consider what you are stuffing yourself with.

Proper food keeps that tank properly nourished and in shape. If you are looking to improve both your endurance and your race times, it is a good decision to eat something before you run as it will provide the necessary energy to make it through while boosting your running performance tremendously. Hence, your body needs a good amount of vitamins, proteins, carbohydrates, and calcium. So where can you find it?

Bananas:

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Bananas are a high-carb energy booster and rich in natural sugar and potassium. The sugar will give your body the energy it needs. Potassium helps in keeping your blood pumping properly while also helping regulate blood pressure and reducing the risk of stroke. This quick-and-easy to consume fruit is packed with carbs and protein, plus it’s extremely easy to digest.

Berries:

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They contain natural sugar, potassium, and Vitamin C. In addition to their high fiber content, Berries will not only provide your body with energy but also repair it as you run.

Bagels:

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Bagels are rich in carbs. Carbs will give you the energy to run. Pair it with cream cheese or peanut butter, and you’ll have the proteins you need to repair that tank and keep you going.

Low Fat Yogurt

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Rich in calcium, carbs, and proteins, yogurt promotes burning of fat, provides energy and also repairs your body. However, yogurt’s biggest benefit is undoubtedly it’s live bacteria content which enables to keep your gut in prime shape and condition. If you consume yogurt right after a run, it can help boost your recovery and thus protect your muscles. Moreover, it also high in calcium content which helps strengthens your bones as well.

Running Tips

You can skip on eating before you run only if your run does not last long. The fat reserves in your body are enough to provide the necessary energy for it. However, you must make sure to eat something once your run is over, as by this time the fuel will have had depleted from your body.

Now that you know the food you need to consume before you start the run, you might also want to consider adding to the fuel tank some extra juice if you run out of it or it’s one of those days when you want to put your own limits to the test. When you’re out on a run and in need of an energy boost, sugary foods will help provide that extra juice you need to sustain yourself. These food products will give you the sugar your energy-depleted body needs:

Energy Gels

These little packets provide energy literally on the go. They especially come in handy when you feel tired.

Raisins:

Rich in sugar, Raisins help replenishes your energy reserves.

Once your run is over, it is time for your last energy boost. The tissues and muscles in your body need to recover from that strenuous work that they’ve been put through. They need to be rewarded with the proper nutrients. These foods will help repair your body:

Oats:

This recovery snack is rich in carbs, fiber, and protein. Pairing it with milk and some fruit, it makes for a great recovery snack without triggering your sugar levels. Additionally, oats have a low glycemic index which basically entails that your blood sugar levels will rise slowly which will provide you with sustained energy thus keeping you feeling full for a longer duration.

Chicken Breast:

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It is loaded with protein, necessary to repair your muscles. Chicken Breast is also high in iron which is a vital element for runners as Iron deficiency can lead to fatigue.

Hummus:

Made with chickpeas, it will help fill you up. It contains fiber and proteins, promoting repair of muscles.

Fruit:

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Fruits helps replenish your energy reserves after a long and hard run. Oranges and apples contain healthy amounts of fiber and Vitamin C that your body will require after the run.

Fluids:

Often overlooked, one must always maintain a sufficient intake of fluids to ensure they don’t feel too sluggish to work out. Although casual runners can usually drink when they feel thirsty, it becomes paramount for endurance runners drink fluids at regular intervals.

 

 

Antibiotics and Immunizations – How they can help in maintaining good health!

Overview

Also known as antibacterials, antibiotics are antimicrobial drugs that are used to eliminate or prevent specific bacterial infections and diseases by helping either inhibit or eliminate bacterial growth. Certain antibiotics also possess antiprotozoal properties which are used in the treatment of protozoan infection. Along with vaccination, antibiotics helped eradicate the threat of dreaded diseases such as tuberculosis and diphtheria thereby significantly increasing the human lifespan. Today, they are now used widely to treat all types of non-bacterial soft tissue inflammations as well.

However, as with all medicines, over usage and over dependence led to the targeted bacteria developing a resistance to them. Currently in its 8th reiteration, some of the popular antibiotics of this generation include Meropenem, Cifran and Ofloxacin, to name a few. However, it needs to be mentioned that antibiotics are ineffective against viruses that cause influenza or the common cold –  being viruses, they need to be treated with antivirals instead of antibiotics.

The term antibiotic in simpler terms, means opposing life. It generally refers to any substance that works against microbes and is synonymous with antimicrobial remedies. There’s also a stark difference between the terms antibiotic and antibacterial. While antibiotics are used more as medicine, antibacterials find a greater usage in disinfectants and soaps.

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What is a Vaccination?

Vaccination, on the other hand is where an individual is administered with a vaccine or antigenic material to boost or stimulate his/her immune system and therein, develop an adaptive immunity to a particular harmful pathogen. Vaccines are thereby used to prevent morbidity from a certain infection. Vaccines have been proven to be very effective in the past – for instance, influenza, HPV and chicken pox vaccines have proven to be extremely successful in preventing the spread of these infectious diseases.

Vaccination’s primary function is to prevent the spread of infectious diseases thereby increasing immunity. This has led to the worldwide eradication of several potent infectious diseases such as smallpox while also proving effective against the spread of measles, polio, rabies and tetanus. The WHO reports that there are currently a total of 25 licensed vaccines available which have successfully prevented or controlled various types of preventable infections.

How does a Vaccine work?

Vaccines double up as a training course for your immune system putting in through several hoops before a disease hits your body. Therefore, a vaccine helps in preparing your body to fight against potential diseases without exposing it to the disease’s symptoms.

When foreign bodies such as bacteria or viruses invade your body, there are certain immune cells called as lymphocytes which respond to the threat by producing antibodies, which are protein molecules. These antibodies attack the invader known as antigens thereby protecting against further infection. Unfortunately, when the body gets attacked from a particular invader for the first time, it can take several days for your body to counter with an antibody response. In case of measles virus or cough bacteria, a few days might be too long as such a potential infection can spread and kill you before your immunity system can fight back.

This is where a vaccine comes handy. Vaccines are effectively made up of dead or weakened antigens – they can’t necessarily result in an infection, but your immune system will still view them as an enemy thereby producing antibodies in response. Once the threat has been taken care of, many of the antibodies will break down, retaining immune cells called memory cells in the body. If your body were to encounter that particular antigen again, the memory cells which are left produce antibodies quickly, striking down the invader before it’s too late.

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Success of Vaccination

Vaccination has eradicated Smallpox, which was not only contagious but deadly and caused deaths in 20–60% of infected adults and over 80% children. Before smallpox was finally eliminated in 1979, it had already killed a massive 300–500 million people in the last century. This by itself shows how vaccination is a not only the product of great scientific thinking but a boon to mankind. In common parlance, immunization and vaccination are somewhat similar.

World Tobacco Day: Stub out that smoking habit for good!

Why is World No Tobacco Day Important?

First organized by the World Health Assembly in 1988, World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) is celebrated every year on the 31st of May all across the globe. The objective of this day was to create awareness amongst the general public as well as international governments about the harmful effects of tobacco use and to urge users to refrain from tobacco usage for a period of 24 hours in honor of this day. With a different tobacco-related theme every year, this day acts as a call-to-action by the World Health Organization (WHO) to reduce tobacco-induced deaths. By educating the masses about the cons of consuming tobacco, WHO hopes that it will encourage people to quit which, in turn, will help them avoid expensive cancer treatment. WNTD 2018 will focus on the link between tobacco usage and heart and other cardiovascular diseases. So what better day to try and stub out that smoking habit for good?

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Smoking ­– The Cold Hard Facts

  1. Smoking cigarettes are the number-one risk factor for lung cancer while causing long-term, harmful effects to nearly all your body organs. A single cigarette is said to contain about 600 ingredients which when ignited, generates more than 7,000 chemicals that are not only toxic but can also lead to several irreversible complications. Moreover, at least 69 of these chemicals are said to be carcinogenic in nature which can cause other forms of cancer including Colon, Prostate, Cervix, Liver, Stomach and Pancreatic Cancer.
  2. You’re at risk even if you’re not a smoker. Statistics released by The American Lung Association have identified second-hand smoke as a serious health hazard, responsible for causing over 41,000 deaths every year.
  3. As per a study, Smokers’ hair: Does smoking cause premature hair graying? by a group of researchers, it has been revealed that smoking can result in your hair turning gray faster.
  4. Noted authors Ray Kurzweil & Terry Grossman in their book, Transcend: Nine Steps to Living Well Forever, declared that as compared to non-smokers, smoking increases the risk of having a heart attack by nearly 200 to 400 per cent in individuals who smoke.
  5. Hookah addicts, pay attention; As per a meta-analysis conducted by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, it was discovered that a single hookah tobacco smoking session delivers 25 times the tar, 2.5 times the nicotine, 10 times the carbon monoxide, and 125 times the smoke as compared to a single cigarette.
  6. Smoking is known to cause ectopic pregnancy in women, reduced fertility in both men and women, while also resulting in pregnant women having pre-mature or deformed babies. (Source: Medical Research Council (MRC) Centre for Reproductive Health in Edinburgh, UK).
  7. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), a US agency charged with tracking and investigating public health trends, it was estimated that an adult male smoker loses an average of 13.2 years of life while female smokers lose 14.5 years of life owing to their smoking habit. Moreover, considering the numerous diseases smoking can lead to, it’s safe to say that smoking can steal the quality of your life long before you die.
  8. Contrary to what you think, even a SINGLE cigarette has the potential to cause great damage. As per a report published in Chemical Research in Toxicology, it was found that smoking a cigarette can cause damage in minutes, not years as you would like to believe. Additionally, the report states that carcinogens start forming rapidly after smoking. 

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The Bottom Line

You might allow yourself to think that bad things happen only to other people but with every cigarette smoked, the harsh reality is that you’re inflicting irreversible damage upon yourself.

Fighting back: The Advent of Cancer Drugs

Once upon a time, Cancer was looked upon as a dreaded term which got people worked up in more than one way – but that has changed over the years. The advent of chemotherapy treatments along with the application of cytotoxic anticancer drugs has developed remarkably in the past few years. Thanks to these treatments, cancerous cells are damaged to a point where they are rendered incapable of growing and reproducing further. Additionally, the chemotherapeutic process is said to be the most effective on cells that tend to grow actively and divide – also known as the frightening “spread” which causes so much apprehension in cancer patients.

How do anti-Cancer drugs work?

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Today, there are over 100 chemo drugs used for treating cancer. These medicines may be either used in combination with other medications or simply as it is. Further, each medicine differs from the other regarding its chemical composition, the method of administration and in terms of the side effects as well. Chemotherapeutic drugs are famed for targeting cells in multiple phases while their multiplying which is known as the cell cycle. Clinical oncologists who treat cancer work with numerous drug combinations and apply various treatment protocols which are based on specified dosages & depending on the particular time of the cell phase.

These drugs, however, are unable to differentiate between malignant and benign cells which invariably results in some form of damage to the latter as well. This leads to a host of side effects such as acute nausea, weight & hair loss, fever, loose motions, muscular cramps and profuse sweating. However, auxiliary treatment has now been introduced to control and take on these side effects.

Classification of chemotherapeutic drugs

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Chemotherapeutic drugs are classified according to their method of working, chemical structure and how they relate to other drugs. Thereon, certain drugs have multiple functions and belong to more than one classification. In that regard, it becomes imperative to find out the manner in which a particular drug works so that its side effects can be dealt with beforehand. This knowledge, in turn, allows oncologists to figure out which drug combinations work better along with information on which order and the amount each drug needs to be administered.

Workings of Alkylating Agents:

Alkylating agents prevent cell multiplication by causing irreversible damage to their DNA. These medicines work effectively throughout the cell cycle and are typically prescribed to treat lung, ovarian and breast cancer, lymphoma, leukaemia, multiple myeloma, Hodgkin’s disease and sarcoma. However, since theDNAse drugs can cause potential DNA damage, there’s a chance of the patient’s bone marrow getting afflicted leading to red blood cell production getting affected as well. Unfortunately, this could lead to the development of leukaemia in rare cases, which again is “dose-dependent.” This implies that the risk is lower when smaller doses of alkylating agents are given and rises proportionately with an increase in dosage. Statistics have revealed that the chances of contracting leukaemia after a patient is exposed to alkylating agents are highest about five to ten years after receiving treatment.

Some notable alkylating agents are Altretamine, Busulfan, Carmustine, Chlorambucil, Cisplatin, etc.

Antimetabolites: These are another classification of anti-cancer drugs that arrest RNA and DNA growth by substituting the normal DNA and RNA building blocks. Antimetabolites damage cells during the phase when cellular chromosomes are replicated. These are commonly used for treating blood, breast, ovarian and intestinal tract cancers. The most frequently used antimetabolites are 5-fluorouracil, Capecitabine, 6-mercaptopurine, Floxuridine, Cytarabine, Gemcitabine, etc.

Other categories: The other types of chemotherapeutic drugs are anti-tumor antibiotics, Anthracyclines, Topoisomerase Inhibitors, Mitotic Inhibitors, Corticosteroids and Differentiating Agents. Each group of drugs has a separate method of working that varies from altering the malignant cell’s internal DNA to prevent it from multiplying; interfering with enzymes that copy DNA during the cell cycle to separating DNA strands for copying to preventing cell division and prevention of chemo-induced nausea & vomiting as also acute allergic reactions.

 

Dry Fruits You Should Have this summer.

The season of outdoor fun – summer – is already here, and what better time to indulge in some thrilling outdoor activities. While it’s important to spend some time out enjoying the great outdoors, it is equally important to keep yourself hydrated and energised when you’re out there sweating it out.

Whether you’re out trekking, swimming, cycling or just taking a walk down the road, you need to keep yourself constantly hydrated while consuming food that keeps the energy level up in your body. To maintain the energy levels when you’re out there, you need to munch on certain snacks that’s easy to carry along – What better snacks than delicious dry fruits!

With instant accessibility, you can store dry fruits in a bag strapped around the waist or alternatively, mix it with smoothies that you can consume on the go. Here’s a list of five important dry fruits which when incorporated into your diet, paves the way to a healthier you and helps make your summer healthy and delightful in equal measure.

  1. Prunes

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Prunes are a natural source of Vitamin K while also being rich in fibre. Vitamin K, with the addition of fibre, is not only good for your eyes but also helps keep your metabolism levels in check while reducing the risks of a heart attack as well. Prunes are a great way to increases your energy levels and therefore can also be consumed prior to a gym workout. A dried prune consists of 64 per cent carbohydrates and is often used in the preparations of home-made sweets and dishes as well.

  1. Apricots

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When it comes to picking a whole-some dry snack that includes every possible nutrient in it, Apricots are right up there with the best. Rich in Potassium, Iron, Fiber, and Vitamin C and Vitamin A, this delicious snack packed with nutrients can help keep your energy levels buzzing all day. Additionally, apricots also help your body repair any damage sustained from the sun while also helping keep your complexion healthy and glowing at all times.

  1. Raisins

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Raisins can either be consumed as a snack to eat on the side or can be used to complement certain desserts as a sprinkle or even made into raisin bread. Being a rich source of Fibre and Potassium, they can also be eaten to boost your iron levels and to keep your bones healthy. Besides, raisins can aid digestion as they promote the health of intestinal bacteria while also proving to be an excellent remedy for treating constipation. However, being naturally sweet and high in sugar and calories, care should be taken to ensure that you eat them in moderation.

  1. Figs

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A rich source of folic acid, potassium and iron, figs tend to have a lower amount of sugar in them. So, if you are mulling over losing some weight this summer, figs could help you in your cause. While its iron content aids in maintaining the good health of your blood, the antioxidants present in figs will keep the heart diseases at bay, thereby keeping you healthy and tension-free.

  1. Dates

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If you are someone who falls short of energy immediately after a small workout or after a quick exercise session, dates could provide an immediate energy-booster for your body. Rich in several nutrients including fibre, iron, calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, zinc and numerous vitamins, dates, when consumed in the morning, will keep your energy levels high all day long while also helping regulate your metabolism as well. Potassium present in dates can also help reduce the risk of strokes and lower the LDL cholesterol in your body.

When is the right time to Stop Swaddling?

Since ages, parents have relied on the famed swaddling technique. Why? Simply because swaddling has been renowned to be a time-tested technique for calming infants and helping them sleep better. Moreover, it also helps in providing them with a sense of comfort coupled with a feeling of security – ideal for those babies who need to be held at all times. Swaddling also goes a long way in preventing your baby’s startle reflex from waking them up while also keeping them warm and snugly at all times.

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Unfortunately, there will come a time when swaddling will eventually turn into a forceful habit rather than a necessity. When this time comes, you as a mother will no longer be able to wrap your child and swaddle them as they will struggle with their sleep. Although it can be difficult to know when to stop swaddling, with the help of our tips you will know when it’s time to stop swaddling and manage this transition successfully and with confidence.

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Sure-Shot Signs That Your Baby Has Outgrown a Swaddle

Every baby is different and it can prove to be a tough task if you’re looking to get definite answers to this question. Although there is no prescribed time to get rid of the swaddling habit, there are certain tell-tale signs you can watch out for which, in turn, can help determine when it’s time to ditch the swaddle.

  • If your baby suddenly wakes up multiple times during the night or have started to startle themselves awake after a history of sleeping well.
  • If your baby has been trying to regularly escape the swaddle or has been growing too strong to stay swaddled through the night, then you should immediately stop swaddling as loose blankets in the crib can prove to be a safety hazard and can even suffocate the baby.
  • If your baby has started showing signs of rolling while being swaddled (due to an increase in arm and neck strength), then the swaddle has perhaps lost its magic and your baby is likely ready to make the transition.
  • If your swaddled baby keeps rolling on his/her tummy while also showing a marked increase in activity such as sticking out his/her limbs out mid-sleep, it’s a good time to wean off the waddle.
  • When your baby keeps attempting to break free of his/her swaddle at every given attempt, it’s a clear indicator that you need to stop swaddling. However, even at 2-3 months, if your baby is looking to escape the swaddle, then it is often a sign that your swaddle is at fault which means you need to switch to a better, more comfortable swaddle.

  • As an unwritten rule, when your baby approaches 4-5 months or older, it’s a sign that your baby will do fine sleeping un-swaddled. You can start off the un-swaddling process by wrapping your baby with one arm out and then gradually transition out of the swaddle. Eventually, you will reach a point where you wouldn’t need to swaddle anymore.
  • If you’re considering sleep training your baby, then it is time to stop swaddling altogether. Training a baby to sleep helps babies learn to self-soothe which means that your baby will probably need to be un-swaddled so that they can get the knack of it.

Why Babies Loved to be Swaddled?

The arrival of a baby is always a cause for a celebration; after all, having a baby is a rewarding, life-enriching, & a challenging experience in equal measure. Yes, challenging because a baby heralds their arrival by bringing with it a whole new set of responsibilities. As a new mother, you’ve no doubt been dreaming about your baby for months. But more often than not, if it’s your first child, chances are, you wouldn’t know much about taking care of a newborn.

However, one common situation which often seems to puzzle and annoy mothers in equal measure is figuring out the reason behind their baby’s incessant crying? Trying to calm down a crying baby can be chaotic and stressful experience as babies don’t have the words to convey what’s wrong. Fortunately, you can now offer comfort with the help of a proven technique that will sooth almost every crying baby.

What is Swaddling?

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A relatively old technique, swaddling is the practice of tightly wrapping a baby in blankets or another form of clothing in order to restrict their movement – especially of the limbs. By adopting this technique, a swaddled baby tends to calm down and sleep better and more soundly. Moreover, wrapping a baby swaddle around the baby also makes them portable enough to be carried around with ease.

Having said that, it can prove to be a tricky technique at first and can result in your baby being upset or struggling if not done correctly. Luckily for you, mastering the correct swaddling technique is not difficult at all – you need to ensure that a baby swaddle isn’t wrapped around too tight, too loose, or too thick for starters. After a few more attempts at it, you will get the hang of it and it will become as easy as changing a diaper.

Why Swaddle a baby?

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While trying to swaddle a baby, it’s imperative that you get it right as the wrong kind of baby swaddle technique can have severe consequences. It can not only affect a baby’s hip development but also increase the risk for developmental dysplasia of the hip – a relatively common problem that could escalate to premature joint problems and chronic pain in adulthood. However, the various benefits it bestows upon the baby and the mother far outweigh the cons. Here are some reasons why swaddled babies tend to be the happiest:

  • Adopting the right swaddling technique helps keep a baby warm as babies by themselves are inefficient at regulating their temperature.
  • Baby swaddle encourages a baby to sleep on their back. Moreover, parents who swaddle their babies are less likely to use the unsafe stomach position while trying to put them off to sleep.
  • Negates the chance of your baby being ‘caught out of position’ – swaddled babies tend to stay put thus drastically reducing the possibilities of your baby rolling into a pillow or against a wall or even on their own stomach.
  • A baby swaddle helps replicate the same tightness and boundaries a baby experiences while inside the womb thus giving them the same sense of comfort and security they get to experience while in the womb.
  • A baby swaddle can come especially useful at the times of breast-feeding a baby as it manages to curtail extra movements which can help baby focus and latch on.
  • A baby swaddle prove to be an excellent option when traveling.

Health Benefits of Kefir V/S Yogurt

It is often assumed that Kefir and Yogurt are one and the same owing to them being identical in appearance. Well, that couldn’t be further away from the truth. For instance, if they both were similar dairy products, why would we have separate nomenclature for them?

There are numerous differences between both these dairy products in terms of how each is cultured, the process of preparation, bacteria used in their culturing, taste as well as consistency. While it is vital to understand the stages involved in their preparation, it is equally important for us to comprehend the various health benefits of Kefir and Yogurt notwithstanding similarities in health benefits of both.

Benefits of Consuming Kefir

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  • Boosts your Immunity

Kefir comprises of several crucial nutrients which helps boost your immunity levels. With a plethora of probiotic agents such as Lactobacillus, in addition to an insoluble polysaccharide known as Kefiran, Kefir helps to ward off harmful bacteria such as Salmonella. Battle with bad bacteria apart, it also goes a long way in controlling your blood pressure levels and reducing bad cholesterol.

  • Strengthens Bones

Bone degeneration diseases such as Osteoporosis pose a major threat to the integrity of the bone structure in your body. Thanks to the excessive presence of Calcium in Kefir, it prevents Osteoporosis from attacking your bones. Additionally, Vitamin K2 present in Kefir also helps in the absorption of Calcium in your bones.

  • Keeps the skin healthy

Maintaining your skin health – the largest organ in a human body – is as important as that of safeguarding your bones and vital organs. Lack of protein and carbohydrates can result in various skin diseases and disorders such as psoriasis, rashes and various kinds of other skin allergies, among others.

  • Keeps Gastrointestinal diseases at bay

Many find it discomforting to digest dairy products because of their digestive system’s inability to process lactose. Kefir helps to break down Lactose into a digestible Lactic acid solution, thus making it easier for the stomach to perform the digestion process. Therefore, having Kefir regularly will not only keep your bones and skin healthy but will also protect you from several nasty epidemics as well.

Benefits of Yogurt

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  • Rich in vital nutrients

Yogurt – although having little difference in nutrient composition as compared to Kefir – is a popular dairy product that has almost every nutrient required by our body to maintain good health. Some of the most important nutrients present in yogurt include Calcium, Vitamin B, Vitamin B12, Phosphorous and Vitamin D. While Calcium is a must for maintaining bones and teeth in good health, Vitamin D and Vitamin B12 present in yogurt helps protect the heart against various heart diseases.

  • Helps fight Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis – a disease commonly found in senior citizens – is a major cause of the deteriorating health of bones. Experts suggest that having dairy products, including Yogurt – as well as Kefir – helps to increase the density of bones, thereby making bones less prone to fractures in old age.

  • Beneficial for digestion

Yogurt containing probiotics that helps your digestive system perform at optimum levels as it has several beneficial bacteria which aids digestion. Having a small amount of yogurt right before your meals is superb for better digestion. Moreover, it has been widely reported that people who consume yogurt on a daily basis are at a lower risk of protracting colon cancer.

  • Improves immune system

Besides Yogurt, every dairy product proves beneficial in boosting your immunity system. Studies and research have confirmed that consuming Yogurt on a regular basis prevents the body from contracting various potential diseases as it consists of probiotics ­– a vital bacterium that can help fight off bad viruses which may affect your health. Moreover, there are several nutrients present in yogurt responsible for enhancing the immune system in a body such as Proteins, Zinc, Magnesium, and Selenium as well.

Root canal treatment: Everything you need to know

In a root canal treatment, an endodontic specialist drills a hole through the infected tooth in order to access the infected pulp. Thereafter, he removes the infected pulp as well as the infected nerve and then proceeds to clean up the pulp chamber along with the root canal using a prescribed medical formulation. Once the cleaning process is over, the endodontic specialist fills up the root canal with a dental filling to prevent further infection. Lastly, he covers the tooth with a crown to prevent further damage to the tooth.

A root canal treatment can help save your tooth from extraction. Moreover, the loss of nerve in the tooth does not affect your normal functions either. Essentially, a root canal treatment is painless and the treatment can be completed within one or two sittings with the assistance of a trained dental expert.

How Do Your Teeth Get Damaged?

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Just like any other part of your body, your teeth also suffer wear and tear with constant usage. The teeth are also prone to get damaged owing to lack of dental hygiene and poor dental habits. Since you consume food through your mouth and use the teeth to cut and chew the food, the bacteria present in food particles interact with the different elements of your teeth in several ways such as:

  • Bacteria multiply inside the mouth giving rise to a plaque which, in turn, forms into tartar.
  • Bacteria attack the nerve endings causing immense pain, cavities, and tooth decay.
  • Bacteria tend to attack the molars more as they offer a larger area for bacteria to reside.
  • The Infection can lead to several complications on the face including a swollen face, breakage of teeth and death of your nerve tissues. Furthermore, the infection can also lead to fever as well as loss of teeth.

Your teeth can also get infected if at all they get damaged during an accident or if there’s even a slight dent owing to consumption of hard food.

Symptoms of Infected Teeth

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An infection if left untreated can cause severe pain in the pulp part of your teeth. In that regard, when your pulp gets affected, you display various symptoms such as:

  • A throbbing pain in the infected tooth
  • An uncomfortable sensation while consuming or drinking hot or cold foods and fluids
  • A pronounced swelling in the jaw bones
  • Swelling of the gums

What is the function of the pulp?

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A root canal is a natural cavity that forms within your teeth which comprises the pulp, a soft tissue. The pulp fills the entirety of inside portion of your teeth. The pulp also holds the tissue, blood vessels and nerves as well. The pulp’s function is to form dentin – a calcified tissue forming a secondary layer which is located beneath your enamel. It’s the primary constituent of your teeth responsible for the sensory function which senses a change in temperature and recognizes pain as it communicates with the nerve of your teeth. When your teeth develop deep cavities, they harm the pulp. Due to cavities in your teeth, bacteria enter the pulp chamber thereby infecting the pulp.

What are the consequences of Pulp Damage?

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An infection in the pulp can cause a pus formation in your teeth ending up as an abscess. An abscess causes not only pain but also harms the bone of your teeth as well as the jawbone. The ultimate consequence of pulp damage is the loss of teeth.

Effective Office Yoga Techniques for Back Pain

In today’s hectic work life coupled with the sedentary lifestyle people lead, the most common complaint that people suffer from is undoubtedly back pain, especially the lower part. Lumbago, which refers to pain (mild to severe discomfort) in the lower back is something which needs to be treated as soon as possible as if left untreated, it can aggravate and spiral out of control

Here are a few effective office yoga techniques that you can practice and incorporate into your daily work schedule to relieve back pain!

Sit-ups without using your hands

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Practicing this simple exercise can help relieve the muscles in your legs, hips and lower back, thus providing some much-needed relief from acute back pain.

Using an exercise ball instead of a desk chair.

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If you substitute your desk chair with an exercise ball, you will be doing your lower back an immense favor! This is because, during the entire day, you would be balancing yourself on the exercise ball to remain seated, which will ultimately engage the core muscles in your back thus providing you much-needed relief from back discomfort.

Try a torso twist by releasing the entire back.

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Take a deep breath and while exhaling, turn to your left side while grabbing hold of your desk chair with your right hand. Now with your left hand, grab the arm of the same chair. Next, try to balance yourself by gripping the chair tightly while twisting your torso to the back of the room as far as possible. Hold that position and allow your torso to stretch. Try to look around the room and see how far you manage to see. Now start facing forward very slowly. Now, repeat it on the other side too. Do this a few times and witness the magic unravel!

Give yourself a big hug and stretch your back.

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Hug your body tight as similar to how you would hug a person by crossing your arms on the opposite shoulders. Then, breathe in and out deeply which, in turn, will help release all the built-up tension and knots between your shoulder blades.

Release your upper body by looking up.

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Stand up or sit up in your desk chair. Stretch your arms above your head and then interlock your fingers. Lift your chin up and as you do that, turn your palms upward towards the ceiling. Now tilt your head backward and look up at the ceiling. Breathe in and out deeply. Release the position.

Walk instead of emailing.

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Have you ever considered simply walking over to a colleague’s desk instead of emailing him/her? This is an effortless exercise which if followed religiously, will go a long way in keeping you in shape.

Final Thoughts

Back pain is such a common and widespread issue that it often comes pre-announced. However, by following a healthy lifestyle by including regular exercises, eating good, nutritious & well-balanced food, and sleeping on time can definitely go a long way in ensuring you stay fit, healthy and happy.

Water – A Vital Nutrient

If you didn’t already know how important water is to the human body, here’s a fun fact which should help reinstate that fact: water accounts for nearly 70-75 per cent of a normal human being’s body weight. Water is undoubtedly one of the most important nutrients and its importance to our body can be underlined further by the fact that an individual can survive longer with the absence of food rather than without water.

Water is integral to the functioning of almost all organs and processes running in the human body. It is quite antithetical that despite water being such a necessity, the human body is unable to produce its own water. What more, neither can it store water. Since water is required for the optimal functioning of bodily functions, our body needs to be constantly supplied with water on a periodic basis. As a matter of fact, if the body is not provided with sufficient water, it would lead to a shortage which, in turn, drives the body to utilize the available water from anywhere in the body. For instance, water could even be drawn from the blood in the body. An average human body contains five liters of blood while the blood constitutes 90 per cent water. So, if a body draws water from blood for its many bodily functions, the blood can become thicker leading to several complications including blood clotting.

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Drinking water directly is the best way to supply water to the body. Additionally, water is also supplied to the body when certain foods and fluids are consumed. Water is also produced as a byproduct of our body’s metabolic activities. Studies have revealed that by just drinking 500 milliliters of water daily, it will help boost your metabolic rate by 30 per cent.

The average human body requires about 2-3 liters of water on a daily basis in order to perform its bodily functions such as metabolizing body fat, regulating body temperature, digesting food, transporting nutrients and flushing toxins from the body. It also required for your brain to function effectively while the level of hydration affects your strength, power, and endurance levels as well.

If the human body does not receive its normal daily quota, it can result in the body feeling dehydrated. One of the consequences of dehydration is the accumulation of fat. Among the many bodily functions which water facilitates; the liver metabolizes stored fat into energy, and the kidney filters wastes, salts, toxins, and ingested water out of the bloodstream. When a body is dehydrated, the performance of the kidney is hampered which causes undue pressure on the liver to over perform resulting in insufficient fat conversion into energy thus leaving fat as it is which, in turn, causes the accumulation of fat.

Thereafter, it must be mentioned that the daily water quota of a human body is dependent on a bunch of factors such as weather conditions, body size, the type of food consumed as well as the activity levels witnessed throughout the day. In that regard, humans living in places with hot/humid weather conditions also need more intake of water as compared to those living in cool climates. Water content in foods is different for different foods. For instance, cucumbers have a very high water content, upwards of 95 per cent. Other foods which contain a higher proportion of water include radish, watermelons, celery, tomatoes etc.

The bottom line

Make sure to have enough water throughout the day as it will help you maintain your current state of being while also drastically improving your overall health. Make sure to keep a track of your daily intake and drink whenever the need strikes.