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Root canal treatment: Everything you need to know

In a root canal treatment, an endodontic specialist drills a hole through the infected tooth in order to access the infected pulp. Thereafter, he removes the infected pulp as well as the infected nerve and then proceeds to clean up the pulp chamber along with the root canal using a prescribed medical formulation. Once the cleaning process is over, the endodontic specialist fills up the root canal with a dental filling to prevent further infection. Lastly, he covers the tooth with a crown to prevent further damage to the tooth.

A root canal treatment can help save your tooth from extraction. Moreover, the loss of nerve in the tooth does not affect your normal functions either. Essentially, a root canal treatment is painless and the treatment can be completed within one or two sittings with the assistance of a trained dental expert.

How Do Your Teeth Get Damaged?

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Just like any other part of your body, your teeth also suffer wear and tear with constant usage. The teeth are also prone to get damaged owing to lack of dental hygiene and poor dental habits. Since you consume food through your mouth and use the teeth to cut and chew the food, the bacteria present in food particles interact with the different elements of your teeth in several ways such as:

  • Bacteria multiply inside the mouth giving rise to a plaque which, in turn, forms into tartar.
  • Bacteria attack the nerve endings causing immense pain, cavities, and tooth decay.
  • Bacteria tend to attack the molars more as they offer a larger area for bacteria to reside.
  • The Infection can lead to several complications on the face including a swollen face, breakage of teeth and death of your nerve tissues. Furthermore, the infection can also lead to fever as well as loss of teeth.

Your teeth can also get infected if at all they get damaged during an accident or if there’s even a slight dent owing to consumption of hard food.

Symptoms of Infected Teeth

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An infection if left untreated can cause severe pain in the pulp part of your teeth. In that regard, when your pulp gets affected, you display various symptoms such as:

  • A throbbing pain in the infected tooth
  • An uncomfortable sensation while consuming or drinking hot or cold foods and fluids
  • A pronounced swelling in the jaw bones
  • Swelling of the gums

What is the function of the pulp?

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A root canal is a natural cavity that forms within your teeth which comprises the pulp, a soft tissue. The pulp fills the entirety of inside portion of your teeth. The pulp also holds the tissue, blood vessels and nerves as well. The pulp’s function is to form dentin – a calcified tissue forming a secondary layer which is located beneath your enamel. It’s the primary constituent of your teeth responsible for the sensory function which senses a change in temperature and recognizes pain as it communicates with the nerve of your teeth. When your teeth develop deep cavities, they harm the pulp. Due to cavities in your teeth, bacteria enter the pulp chamber thereby infecting the pulp.

What are the consequences of Pulp Damage?

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An infection in the pulp can cause a pus formation in your teeth ending up as an abscess. An abscess causes not only pain but also harms the bone of your teeth as well as the jawbone. The ultimate consequence of pulp damage is the loss of teeth.

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